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Turkey has many activities on the subjects of bilateral, multilateral and regional cooperation in the scientific and technological fields. Bilateral cooperations are carried out within the framework of agreements and protocols signed between the governments, or between TUBITAK on behalf of the Turkish Government and its equivalent foreign organizations.

There are bilateral agreements signed between the Government of Turkey and the governments of the USA, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Albania. Furthermore, there are many agreements signed between TUBITAK and foreign organizations. DGF of Germany, CNR of Italy, CNRS of France, CSIR of India and SSTCC of China can be mentioned among these organizations. Within the framework of regional cooperation activities, TUBITAK also participates in the activities of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) Organization.

Turkey also participates in activities in the field of science and technology with numerous international organizations such as NATO, OECD, the Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC), the European Science Foundation (ESF) and the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU). Turkey is a member of the Cooperation in Scientific and Technological Research in Europe (COST) and the European Research Coordination Association (EUREKA) programs and has duties in some of the programs of the European Union.